Camaiore, the ancient “Campus Maior”
The history of the town of Camaiore dates back to around 190 BC when the Romans founded Lucca, they decided to build some fortifications at the foot of Mount Prana.
Thus arose the Cologne Lucensis the great plain (Campus Maior) hence the name Camaiore.
After the fall of the Western Empire, the territory was subjected to numerous barbarian invasions mainly conducted by Goths and Byzantines.
Lucca regained control of the city with the help of the Lombards and, with the spread of Christianity, the first churches were built as the parish church of St. Mary and St. Stephen.
Powerful feudal lords escaped to the domain of the city of Lucca Camaiore that, around 1230, came to be included among the towns of Lucca of which became the capital in 1308. The city, not sufficiently protected, had to suffer like that of other dominations and Pisani new destruction like that by German mercenaries in 1329. The elders of Lucca, resumed again the control of the city, decided the construction of the walls, which was completed in 1380. This was not enough to protect Camaioresi that , around 1440, they fell prey to Francesco Sforza and suffered the domination of the Florentines.
The city came under Lucca in 1470 and in 1532 gave proof of his loyalty putting down the uprising known as “tramps”.
To celebrate this victory, and out of gratitude to the people of Camaiore, the Triumphal Arch was erected outside the Porta Lombricese. However in 1620 Camaiore lost the title of capital of the Vicariate and with it many territories in favor of Viareggio that, at that time, took on greater importance for trades of Lucca.
In 1801 by Napoleon Bonaparte formed the new Republic of Lucca.After the Napoleonic era, Maria Luisa of Bourbon ruled until 1824. At his death succeeded by his son Charles Louis.
In 1847, the city became part of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany under Leopold II, and in 1860 there was the plebiscite which was annexed to the newborn Kingdom of Italy.
In the depiction of the Castle Camaiore, though the hand of the artist is highly uncertain and without any rudiment of perspective drawing , it is interesting to note the relevant details with which the author describes the village. Even today Camaiore has preserved over the plant urban village rectangular foundation thirteenth , also part of its walls and in its center is to admire the cathedral. In our design , in addition to the crenellated walls, there is a church with a bell tower, an impressive building battlements as if the palace representing the government and the left a mighty fortress, like a citadel, that if once existed in that form, not today we have no trace.
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